Romans 5:12-21 • Original Sin

Romans 5:12–21 (CSB):

12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, in this way death spread to all people, because all sinned. 13 In fact, sin was in the world before the law, but sin is not charged to a person’s account when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who did not sin in the likeness of Adam’s transgression. He is a type of the Coming One. 15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if by the one man’s trespass the many died, how much more have the grace of God and the gift which comes through the grace of the one man Jesus Christ overflowed to the many. 16 And the gift is not like the one man’s sin, because from one sin came the judgment, resulting in condemnation, but from many trespasses came the gift, resulting in justification. 17 If by the one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive the overflow of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ. 18 So then, as through one trespass there is condemnation for everyone, so also through one righteous act there is justification leading to life for everyone. 19 For just as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so also through the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 The law came along to multiply the trespass. But where sin multiplied, grace multiplied even more 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace will reign through righteousness, resulting in eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Let’s GO BACK and take a look at the Origin of Sin.

Genesis 2:15–17 (CSB):

15 The Lord God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and watch over it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree of the garden, 17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die.”

We should look at the creation account from a perspective of functions more than that of an origin of materials.

• Yahweh places man in the Garden. In the context of the ancient world, gardens and mountains were places where the gods dwelt. So we can view the Genesis account as one of functions in that the Lord was creating his temple where He would dwell and fellowship with humans.

• We see the Lord giving parameters for the garden.

• In the beginning, good and evil, were held in the balance by Yaweh, and He tells humans to not engage with that fruit.

Genesis 3:1–7 (CSB):

Now the serpent was the most cunning of all the wild animals that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You can’t eat from any tree in the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit from the trees in the garden. But about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden, God said, ‘You must not eat it or touch it, or you will die.’ ” 4 “No! You will certainly not die,” the serpent said to the woman. “In fact, God knows that when you eat it your eyes will be opened and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” The woman saw that the tree was good for food and delightful to look at, and that it was desirable for obtaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.

1 (nāḥāš 1), n. snake. Greek equiv. fr. LXX: ὄφις (21), δράκων (2), ὑπό (1).

Noun Usage

1. snake — any of various kinds of elongated limbless reptiles moving about on their stomachs and considered unclean for food. See also תַּנִּין. Related Topic: Serpent. Related Entity: Snake.

נָחַשׁ (nāḥaš). vb. to divine, give omens, foretell. This is the act by which a person comes upon secret information that cannot be discovered by common means of observation.

In contrast to the knowledge learned from the source and volition of the divine, this term describes the act by which someone pursues the information in ways contrary to the will of the God of Israel, specifically through the use of divination or omens (Lev 19:26; Deut 18:10; 2 Chr 33:6).

Adam and Eve knew that snakes could not talk. The implication here is this is some sort of supernatural being.

John on the Isle of Patmos says this,

Revelation 12:9 (CSB):

9 So the great dragon was thrown out—the ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the one who deceives the whole world. He was thrown to earth, and his angels with him.

• Man sins when he decides to enter into a function that was never meant for him to hold. Knowledge of Good and Evil.


What is it that you place in your job description that should be in God’s? Stop…

The Enemy will always suggest that you should get out of your lane… in whatever capacity he can!

Adam is a type of Christ:

• Adam sinned and passed that curse of sin and death to every human.

• Jesus gives the gift of life though defeating death for every human being!


20 But as it is, Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead also comes through a man. 22 For just as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruits; afterward, at his coming, those who belong to Christ. 24 Then comes the end, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father, when he abolishes all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign until he puts all his enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy to be abolished is death. 27 For God has put everything under his feet., Now when it says “everything” is put under him, it is obvious that he who puts everything under him is the exception. 28 When everything is subject to Christ, then the Son himself will also be subject to the one who subjected everything to him, so that God may be all in all.

SIN = Death. the end result of everything that your sin touches is Death. Everything.

GRACE = Righteousness. The result of receiving grace from Jesus is displaying Jesus’ righteousness.

Truths to understand and digest:

  1. We are all sinners.
  2. Death happens because of our inherited sin.
  3. The only thing that we can display that is good is Jesus’ righteousness.
  4. Grace is more powerful than your sin.
  5. Righteousness is a gift you receive - A position to rest in - A directive to live out.